Reviews and recommendations on this web site, including web hosting reviews, may result in commissions paid to Dave's Site. Follow on Twitter @firstdave
Check Out my new PhoneGap Tutorial / Cordova Tutorial


Hosting Tutorial - Table of Contents
This course was developed in much earlier days of the web and has been updated
into Web Design Basics for iPad (also written by me, but much better course!)
Try iPage Web Hosting -- Go Green for only $1.99/month (sponsored link)
Web Hosting HTML Tutorial CSS Tutorial Web Design Tutorial Hosting under $5


HTML Code MiniChapter 12: HTML Tables Tutorial

HTML Tutorial Chapters:  

HTML5 Basics - Web Hosting Ideas - CSS, Web Design, HTML, JQuery - Twitter - Learn on your iPad

HTML Tables...

Example of a Table...
What are tables used for?
Tables are used to make data easier to interpret or to just give your document more impact.

<table border="4">
<tr>
<th>What are tables used for?</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Tables are used to make data easier to interpret or to just
give your document more impact.</td>
</tr>
</table>

Tables are one of the most challenging things to code with HTML. It isn't very hard, it just takes a while to get the hang of. Tables start with the <table> tag, and usually contain the border="n" attribute within the opening tag. If the border="0", than the table's border is invisible. Usually when you do not use the border attribute the table border will become invisible. This is useful when you want to align text in rows and columns, but don't want a table border around it. border="1" is a thin border. border="2" is a little thicker, border="3" a little more thick.. and so on. The table MUST end with a </table> tag, or the table might not appear at all!

Example of tables with borders...
This table has a border of 0.
<table border="0">
<tr>
<td>This table has a
border of 0.</td> </tr> </table>
This table has a border of 3.
<table border="3">
<tr>
<td>This table has a
border of 3.</td> </tr> </table>

Each row within the table is defined by the opening <tr> tag and the optional </tr> closing tag. Within each table row are table cells, which are defined by the <td> opening and </td> closing tags. Most table rows contain more than one cell. Many times, you will need a heading for a column of cells of the first row. To do this, you will use the <th> opening and </th> closing tag. The table heading tag makes the text in that cell BOLD and CENTERED. You only need use the heading cells when necessary.

Example of a table with multiple rows and columns...
Heading AHeading BHeading C
Cell ACell BCell C
Cell DCell ECell F

<table border="2">
<tr>
<th>Heading A</th><th>Heading B</th><th>Heading C</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell A</td><td>Cell B</td><td>Cell C</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell D</td><td>Cell E</td><td>Cell F</td>
</tr>
</table>

But what if you want your table to look like the following?

Heading AHeading BHeading C
Cell A & DCell BCell C
Cell ECell F
<table border="2">
<tr>
<th>Heading A</th><th>Heading B</th><th>Heading C</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td rowspan="2">Cell A & D</td><td>Cell B</td><td>Cell C</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell E</td><td>Cell F</td>
</tr>
</table>

Notice how the rowspan="2" attribute was added. This allows that cell to span two rows. If you want a cell to span more than column, use the colspan="n" attribute. Also, you may wish to use the ALIGN and VALIGN attributes to align the contents of cells. If you wish to change the horizontal alignment of the contents of a certain cell, add align="left", align="center", or align="right" to the opening <td> tag. If you wish to change the vertical alignment of the contents of a cell, use the valign="top", valign="middle", or valign="bottom" attributes. You may also want to try out the width="n%" attribute, to change the width of a table or a cell.

Example of ALIGN attributes within a table...
Left AlignmentCenter AlignmentRight Alignment

<table border="1" width="100%">
<tr>
<td align="left">Left Alignment</td>
<td align="center">Center Alignment</td>
<td align="right">Right Alignment</td>
</tr>
</table>

HTML Code - Try it Yourself!

In the Box below, type the following HTML code, then click "Check it Out!" The HTML document you made will be displayed in your browser. You may wish to change the words within the tags and the tag attributes just to try it out.

Try typing this:

<html>
<head><title>Title goes here</title></head>
<body bgcolor="#AABBCC">
<h1 align=right>Body goes here</h1>
<hr>
<center><h3>Headings are cool!</h3></center>
<hr size=10>
<table border="2" width="75%">
<tr>
<td>Tables</td><td>give</td><td>impact!</td>
</tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>

iPage has the Best Support

Download the app that replaced this guide,
Web Design Basics for iPad to
Learn HTML and CSS Quickly.