Save on Hosting Today

The History Of The Internet

This timeline is split into five separate sections. Links to each remaining sections are
found at the dropdown box at the top right of the page, and along the bottom
of each chapter. You can click the timeline image below if you prefer that.

Newest section (2013): Teaching with Typos - a short essay/history of how the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), the main language of the Internet, was taught to millions of people.

Enjoy your reading!

Click in the timeline to view that section.





Just Added: Secret Data Collection Program History

Download my 5-star iPad app: Web Design Basics. Learn to code HTML and CSS.


Choose your Section: ( Part 1) - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4 - 5 [Present Day]

1957
(Potential Origin and Beginning -- The History of the Internet)

The USSR launches Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite. In response, the United States forms the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) within the Department of Defense (DoD) to establish US lead in science and technology applicable to the military.
Backbones: None - Hosts: None
1962
RAND Paul Baran, of the RAND Corporation (a government agency), was commissioned by the U.S. Air Force to do a study on how it could maintain its command and control over its missiles and bombers, after a nuclear attack. This was to be a military research network that could survive a nuclear strike, decentralized so that if any locations (cities) in the U.S. were attacked, the military could still have control of nuclear arms for a counter-attack.

Baran's finished document described several ways to accomplish this. His final proposal was a packet switched network.

"Packet switching is the breaking down of data into datagrams or packets that are labeled to indicate the origin and the destination of the information and the forwarding of these packets from one computer to another computer until the information arrives at its final destination computer. This was crucial to the realization of a computer network. If packets are lost at any given point, the message can be resent by the originator."
Backbones: None - Hosts: None
1968
ARPA awarded the ARPANET contract to BBN. BBN had selected a Honeywell minicomputer as the base on which they would build the switch. The physical network was constructed in 1969, linking four nodes: University of California at Los Angeles, SRI (in Stanford), University of California at Santa Barbara, and University of Utah. The network was wired together via 50 Kbps circuits.

Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET - Hosts: 4
1972
The first e-mail program was created by Ray Tomlinson of BBN.

The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) was renamed The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (or DARPA)

ARPANET was currently using the Network Control Protocol or NCP to transfer data. This allowed communications between hosts running on the same network.

Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET - Hosts: 23
1973
Development began on the protocol later to be called TCP/IP, it was developed by a group headed by Vinton Cerf from Stanford and Bob Kahn from DARPA. This new protocol was to allow diverse computer networks to interconnect and communicate with each other.
Backbones: 50Kbps ARPANET - Hosts: 23+

Can't afford college? Skip it and Learn Web Design Free Online

[ 1957-1973 | 1974-1983 | 1984-1990 | 1991-1995 | 1996-Present ]
Links to Other Important History Timelines
[ next | top ]

As with any historical references, I encourage you to seek additional resources around the Internet to verify and fill in details for your research.

Would you like to learn how to create a web site with HTML and CSS?
Also, we have web site design guides.

[ next | top ]

As with any historical references, I encourage you to seek additional resources around the Internet to verify and fill in details for your research.

If need some help for http://www.pass4sure.com/CCNA.html and http://www.actualtests.com/exam-642-384.htm then get the latest http://www.test-king.com/exams/642-374.htm compiled by our certified experts to help you pass http://www.certkiller.com/exam-642-832.htm in first attempt. You can also download http://www.examsheets.com/certification/CCNA.htm.