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HTML Code MiniChapter 4: Links and Images

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Without links, the World Wide Web wouldn't be a web at all! To add a link... you will use the <a href="location"> opening tag and </a> closing tag. Whatever appears between these two tags will become underlined and colored, and if you click on the underlined text it will send the browser to the location within the quotes.

Example of a link...

Visit <a href="">Dave's Site!</a>

Visit Dave's Site!

If you are just linking to a page in the same folder as your current page, you don't need the domain, just the page name.

What do I mean? Okay, imagine you're at your main page, and you're linking to You can use the code:

<a href="contactme.html">Contact Me</a>

Note: Although links are usually used to send people to other web pages, you may also use links to send email to a specific address by using a location of mailto:user@host.

Example of a Mailto: Link...

Send email to <a href="">the Author [Dave]!</a>

Send email to the Author [Dave]!

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If you want a link to open in a new window, add target="_blank" at the end of the anchor (<a>) tag.

Example of a link opening in a new window...

<a href="" target="_blank"></a>


Just a warning: Many pop-up blockers will block a _blank link from opening... use with caution!

HTML In-line Images...

You may also add images (pictures) to your web page, as long as the image is in the .png, .gif, or .jpg (or .jpeg) file formats. You will not be able to use .bmp format files! The basic tag for in-line images is <img src="location">. It is also recommended to add HEIGHT and WIDTH attributes to the IMG tag, which will allow the image to take proper proportions on a browser that is not currently viewing images. It is also recommended to use the ALT="what picture is" to tell a person what a picture is in case it is still loading or they are not viewing images. (The IMG tag has no closing tag!)

Example of a basic in-line image...

<img src=""
width="200" height="50" alt="Dave's Site">


If your image is in the same folder as your HTML file, just use the image name. If your file is welcome.jpg, you can use <img src="welcome.jpg"> Then add the appropriate height, width, and alt attributes as mentioned above.

Combining HTML Links and Images...

Many times you may want to have an image that is linked, so that if someone clicks the image, the person will be taken to another page. This is rather simple- you just need to place the IMG tag within the A HREF tags.

<a href="location_of_link"><img src="location_of_image"></a>

You may also use the ALIGN attributes with images!

Example of a linked image...

<a href=""><img src=""

(Note: Some web browsers place the border automatically, others do not. It's best to set a border to ensure it always shows the way you want.)

If you want to ensure you want the image to be linked without the colored link border, add border="0". Example:

<a href=""><img src=""
align="right" border="0"></a>

HTML Code - Try it Yourself!

In the Box below, type the following HTML code (or copy and paste) then click "Check it Out!"

The HTML document you made will be displayed in your browser. You may wish to change the words within the tags and the tag attributes just to try it out.

Try typing this:

<head><title>Title goes here</title></head>
<h1 align=right>This page tests Links and Images</h1>
<p><b>Text links are easy...</b> Visit <a href="">Dave's Site!</a>
<hr width="50">
and Image Links are not that hard... <a href="">
<img src="" border=0 /></a></p>

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